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Access to South Bohemia

The Region of South Bohemia stretches alongside the southern border of the Czech Republic which separates the region from Austria (the Upper and Lower Austria) and the Federal Republic of Germany (Bavaria). The region covers 10,057.3 km2, i.e. 12.8% of the total area of CR and the greater part of it lies at the altitude between 400 and 600 m above sea level. With the population of 630,006 inhabitants, the region has the lowest population density in CR (62.6 persons per square kilometer). The South Bohemian Region, with its capital town of České Budějovice, encompasses the districts of České Budějovice, Český Krumlov, Jindřichův Hradec, Písek, Prachatice, Strakonice and Tábor.
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Border crossings in the Region of South Bohemia - mapa (pdf):


When assessed in the context of the entire Czech Republic, the Region of South Bohemia appears to belong to places with a lesser degree of urbanization - currently there are 623 municipalities altogether, out of which 52 has the status of a town. The rural areas, difficult to access for transportation and with their economic activities slowed down or outright terminated, are prone to gradually loose population or to change their community function. The Region of South Bohemia has been divided into 17 administrative units of municipalities with extended powers and 37 administrative units of municipalities with designated local authorities. The region has also a Military Base and the Boletice Military Training Ground.

Arterial transportation network

Road transportation

Belonging among major investment projects aimed to develop the road infrastructure are the D3 motorway to be continued in the R3 speedway; the R4 expressway; progressive upgrading of the existing roads of the I, II and III Classes, including the related relocations, bypasses of towns and villages; extending the widths of too narrow sections of the roads, and other investments. To make all spots of the region easily accessible, the public transportation is given preference to individual car travel, and much stress is placed on the development of the integrated systems of transportation and the enhancement of urban mass transit.

The D3 Section intended to link Prague to South Bohemia will connect the districts of Tábor and České Budějovice to the countrywide network of highways. At the Dolní Dvořiště border crossing the southern leg of the network will join the Austrian road system, employing specifically S10, an envisaged Austrian high-capacity road planned to extend as far as Unterweitersdorf, the starting point of the A7 highway (connected to A1 in Linz). The anticipated route of D3 (as well as D8) lies on the E55 backbone international motorway stretched from Scandinavia through our country to Greece.

A highway routed through where the current D3 runs was considered as early as 1939; in 1963, when the basic structure of the then Czechoslovakias road network was established, the D3 highway was neglected and added to the plans only in 1987. The first section of the future D3, specifically the section bypassing the town of Tábor, was opened for traffic in 1991. In 2004 and 2005 its northern end was extended to Chotoviny and in December 2007 another section reached Mezno. D3 is thus only 15 km long, but the older bypass of Tábor (3.5 km) has not been designated as a highway yet.

Currently under construction is the section leading to Mezno from where the Region of South Bohemia meets the Central Bohemia Region - it is another 1.9 km of the highway expected to enter service in 2009. In addition, since October 2008 a 25 km section has been under construction between Tábor and Veselí nad Lužnicí planned to start operating in 2011. At first, this section was considered for financial and partially also investment implementation by what is known as Public Private Partnership or PPP - a method in which the Government and private sector join their financial forces. Unfortunately, the protracted process of selecting a proper PPP contractor and intolerable situation at the I/3 road in the region made it necessary to fund this section from the Government budget in an attempt at expediting the construction.

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Railroad transportation
The railroad network is expected to be upgraded by investments to the backbone North - South route (section IV. TŽK) Prague - Linz; the project will offer parameters common in other European corridors.

More information at www.szdc.cz.

Air transportation
Local governments of the region and the city of České Budějovice strive for better use of the former military airfields at Planá u Českých Budějovic (České Budějovice Airport as it is known today) and Bechyně; the airfields are considered for both domestic and international civil traffic. Counted among other projects intended to contribute to the local tourism are the plans to make the Vltava river navigable from České Budějovice to Třebenice and to improve the railroads at Šumava (the Rybník - Lipno route and a link from Lipno to Horní Planá).

More information at www.airport-cb.cz

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Water transportation

Leisure trips on major transportation waterways are an important economic and free-time phenomenons in Europe. Within the Czech Republic these activities are pursued only in Moravia at what is known as the Baťa kanál channel. An ideal place where to organize such leisure trips in Bohemia is the Vltava river section between Třebenice (Slapy) and České Budějovice. As regards cargo transportation, the conditions existing now do not allow for it, save for special and locally limited cases of water transit.
The entire project aims to return this waterway to a navigable condition suitable for leisure trips. In this way the "South Bohemian" section of Vltava will be joined in a navigable manner to the lake of the Orlík Dam, thus adding to the river section open to tourism the entire Orlická nádrž reservoir and the adjacent parts of Vltava and Otava. In the future (when the relevant waterworks are completed to make Orlík and Slapy navigable) the Vltava river will offer a continuous waterway connected, through the Elbe river, to the network of European waterways. Act 114/1995 Coll., On inland navigation, categorizes the Upper Vltava waterway as a major waterway of transportation significance meeting the parameters that the international classification of waterways requires of the Class I waterways.

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